The starting point for the presentation 'Speech Production: Goal Setting and Program Development' was the key message from Daniel Ling that ‘practice makes permanent’. The task is to practise, with the goal of making good production permanent. When teachers of the deaf don’t intervene in a meaningful way, we reinforce the permanence of speech production errors in the students we teach.
Speech perception and speech production are linked. Assessments in both areas are necessary to determine specific, developmentally appropriate goals to guide an intervention program. Without accurate assessment, an individual program will not be sufficiently targeted.
Where intervention is required, an individual program should contain strategies for specific teaching. Providing the student with practice of target sounds in authentic and meaningful language promotes successful production. Incorporating specific listening activities containing the target sound promotes the development of the auditory feedback loop and so develops the ability of students to monitor their own speech production. Speech Production Resource: Phonetic to Phonologic Achievement was used to illustrate how to develop a program with an emphasis on generalisation to other contexts and carryover to everyday communication.
Marie Fram's career spans many facets of deaf education. Read Marie's speaker bio...